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The History and Purpose Of A Resume

A traditional paper resume, ideally one or two pages long, documents your educational and occupational history, including job duties and accomplishments.

Posted  594 Views updated 2 months ago

Leonardo Da Vinci does it again

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History

A résumé  is a document used by an individual whom is seeking employment or a higher position within a company. It is a presentation of their backgrounds and skills. The word résumé comes from the French word résumé meaning "summary. Leonard Da Vinci was credited with the first résumé.

His version  took the form of a letter written on or about 1481–1482 to a potential employer who went by the name of Ludovico Sforza. Roughly after that, approximately for the next  450 years, the résumé continued to be a mere description of a person, which included their abilities and past employment. In the early 1900s, résumés listed things like weight, height, marital status, and religion.

During the1950, the résumé evolved into something more than just mere words written on scraps of paper. By then, résumés were considered to be a mandatory document to be presented to a prospective employer and included information such as personal interests and hobbies. It was not until the 1970s, the beginning of the Digital age, that résumés took on a more professional look in terms of presentation and content.

 In today’s modern day society, With regards to seeking suitable employment, there are four basic types of resumes. They are chronological, functional, combination and targeted.

The four types of résumé

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  1. A chronological resume is perhaps the most commonly used and is believed to be the simplest to write. Its convenient format allows employers to quickly skim through and is organized by job titles, which are listed in reverse chronological order.
  2. A functional résumé focuses on your skills and experience, rather than on a chronological work history. It is typically used by job seekers who are changing careers, have gaps in their employment history, or whose work history is somewhat outside the scope of the desired position.
  3. A combination résumé is organized into two parts or pages. The first part of a combination résumé   mirrors the functional format, which highlights skills and accomplishments. The second portion of the combination résumé   mirrors the chronological format. The advantage of this résumé   style is it highlights the applicant’s skills and experience, then list their employment history right after. It gives them meaning applicant and employer, the best of both worlds.
  4. A targeted résumé  focuses on a specific job opening. The targeted résumé is written to highlight the skills and experiences relevant to a particular position. When sending targeted résumé  ,the résumé will be edited or rewritten for each job which the candidate applies.


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