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The Importance Of A Résumé

The transformation of the resume for the digital age. Connect with prospective employers globally right on our business network

Posted  3,733 Views updated 5 months ago

Homing in on your education, life skills and experience

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Résumé style should highlight experience or work history based on individual circumstances

A  résumé  is a document used by an individual whom is seeking employment or a higher position within a company. It is a presentation of their backgrounds and skills. The word résumé comes from the French word résumé meaning "summary. Leonard Da Vinci was credited with the first résumé. His version  took the form of a letter written on or about 1481–1482 to a potential employer who went by the name of Ludovico Sforza, Roughly after that, approximately for the next  450 years, the résumé continued to be a mere description of a person, which included their abilities and past employment. In the early 1900s, résumés listed things like weight, height, marital status, and religion. During the1950, the résumé evolved into something more than just mere words written on scraps of paper. By then, résumés were considered to be a mandatory document to be presented to a prospective employer, and included information such as personal interests and hobbies. It was not until the 1970s, the beginning of the Digital age, that résumés took on a more professional look in terms of presentation and content.  In today’s modern day society, With regards to seeking suitable employment, there are four basic types of resumes. They are chronological, functional, combination and targeted.

  1. A chronological  résumé  is perhaps the most commonly used and is believed to be the simplest to write. Its convenient format allows employers to quickly skim through and is organized by job titles, which are listed in reverse chronological order.
  2. A functional  résumé  focuses on your skills and experience, rather than on a chronological work history. It is typically used by job seekers who are changing careers, have gaps in their employment history, or whose work history is somewhat outside the scope of the desired position.
  3. A combination  résumé  is organized into two parts or pages. The first part of a combination resume mirrors the functional format, which highlights skills and accomplishments. The second portion of the combination resume mirrors the chronological format. The advantage of this resume style is it highlights the applicant’s skills and experience, then list their employment history right after. It gives them meaning applicant and employer, the best of both worlds.
  4. A targeted  résumé  focuses on a specific job opening. The targeted resume is written to highlight the skills and experiences relevant to a particular position. When sending targeted resumes, the resume will be edited or rewritten for each job which the candidate applies.


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