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READING Comprehension 11th Grade

Read the text below, then turn to the following page and choose the best answer for each item.

Posted  578 Views updated 11 months ago

Who discovered coffee? The legend started with an Ethiopian goat herder named Kaldi several hundred years ago. Kaldi noticed that his herd had abnormal energy after eating a red fruit-bearing shrub. He decided to test the strange fruit by eating it and had a similar reaction. It was said that Kaldi shared this fruit with a local monastery that turned the fruit into a drink which became so popular, that it ended up spreading throughout the continent. Before coffee appeared as we know it today, it was used in many other forms. Some made it into a type of wine. In Arabia by the 15th century, the process of removing the bean from its pulp and roasting and brewing had already become popular. Coffee took Europe by storm. By the mid-1600s, there were already 300 coffee houses in London, which were known to be visited by famous artists and writers. It wasn't until the mid-17th century that coffee finally made it to the New World via the British. The Boston Tea Party in 1773 contributed to the popularity of coffee and coffee houses in America. This historic event truly changed the coffee culture in America forever. The colonists’ switch from tea to coffee was seen as a revolt against King George III. Towards the end of the 1600’s, the demand for coffee began to grow, and the Dutch helped with the expansion of the cultivation of the seeds outside of Arabia for the first time. Coffee had become the world's most profitable product by the 1800’s. During the Civil War, the United States saw a large increase in popularity because businessmen began to see the financial opportunities. Beginning in 1864 with the Arbuckle brothers, who sold coffee to cowboys in the West, companies started to make their mark in the coffee industry. Some of these are still known today, such as James Folger, who sold coffee to miners in California, Maxwell House, and Hills Brothers. In 1971, the famous Starbucks was started in Seattle. They became famous for crafting each coffee at the request of the customer’s preference. The coffee industry continues to grow. How the beans are harvested, roasted, and brewed has become an art. From cold brews to coffee flavored candy, coffee has become part of the world as we know it today.........................................1) Who was alleged to have first found the coffee bean?

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Christopher Columbus

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Ethiopian goat herder

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King George III

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The British

2) Coffee beans in their normal form are a

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red fruit

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dark bean

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large orange flower

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green fruit

3) In what century was it discovered that Arabia was toasting coffee beans?

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18th

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17th

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16TH

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15TH

4) Coffee first became popular in the U. S. after the

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Gold Rush

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Civil War

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Boston Tea Party

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World War II

5) Who brought the expansion of cultivating coffee seeds?

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Ethiopians

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Arabians

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British

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Dutch

6) Who started their company by selling to cowboys in the West?

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Starbucks

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Maxwell House

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Kaldi

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Arbuckle brothers

7) When did the Boston Tea Party happen?

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1773

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1774

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1775

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1776

8) By the mid-1600s, what city had 300 coffee houses?

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Boston

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London

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Philadelphia

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Chicago

9)The American colonists switched from tea to coffee as a revolt against

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James Folger

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King George I

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Benjamin Franklin

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King George III


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